Beaver Valley Foot Clinic
SKIN AND NAIL PROBLEMS
8 Common Skin & Nail Problems – Serving the Greater Pittsburgh Area
8 COMMON SKIN & NAIL PROBLEMS + MORE
What are Ingrown Toenails?
An ingrown nail is the result of a nail growing into the skin that surrounds it. This often occurs at either edge of the big toe. Ingrown nails may be caused by improper trimming, Diabetic nails, injuries, fungal infections, or pressure. A simple 5 minute office procedure will permanently fix this problem .
What are Thickened Nails?
Abnormally thick or crumbling nails may be caused by injuries, pressure from shoes, fungal infections, or conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis, or vascular disease. With regular care in our office, covered by insurance, can help will help prevent many problems from arising with these conditions.
A wart is an infection caused by a virus, which can invade your skin through small cuts or breaks. Over time, the wart develops into a hard and rough growth on the surface of the skin. A wart is most commonly seen on the bottom of the foot (known as a plantar wart), but can also appear on the top. Children, teens, and people with allergies or weakened immune systems are more vulnerable to the wart virus. Many simple office procedures to remove these quickly or painlessly, including our new Radio Surgery.
Corns & Calluses
Corns and calluses are your body’s response to friction or pressure against the skin. If your foot rubs inside your shoe, the affected area of skin thickens. If a bone is not in the normal position, skin caught between bone and shoe or bone and ground builds up. In either case, the outer layer of the skin thickens to protect the foot from unusual pressure. In many cases, corns and calluses look bad but are not harmful. However, more severe corns and calluses may become infected, destroy healthy tissue, or affect foot movement. With your doctor’s help, corns and calluses can be controlled.
Tinea Pedis, the formal name for athlete’s foot, is an extremely common rash caused by a fungal infection. Symptoms may vary, depending largely on whether the condition is acute or chronic. In most acute cases a reddish, itchy rash can be found between the toes and on the soles of the feet. In severe cases moderate pain and blistering may be seen. In more chronic cases the skin can take on a rough, scaly appearance. In some instances this can be confused with chronic dry skin.
While somewhat rarer than the conditions mentioned above bacterial infections are still fairly common, and their symptoms can vary considerably. A frequently encountered variation is an ingrown toenail which has become infected. In other cases, what appears to be a case of athlete’s foot is actually a minor infection caused by bacteria. One of the more serious presentation is an infected wound. While often minor, they can quickly worsen, and in all cases require prompt medical treatment.
The medical term for toenail fungus is onychomycosis. It’s a condition most family podiatrists encounter daily, and it’s also one of the most difficult to cure completely. Since the primary infection is often located on the nail bed the nail itself shields it from topical treatment. Common symptoms include a yellowish discoloration, changes in texture, and a thickening of the nail. Flaky debris is also usually present underneath the tip of the nail. While onychomycosis can cause discomfort or outright pain most of the symptoms are purely cosmetic.
The common blister is almost always a friction injury. It’s usually caused by the repetitive rubbing associated with walking and running, especially in ill-fitting footwear. Even so, blisters are sometimes seen as a result of generalized irritation (dermatitis), fungal infections, and even poison ivy. Diabetics are especially prone to nearly all foot conditions, including blisters. In extremely rare cases blisters can form on the soles as a symptom of hand, foot, and mouth disease.
When it occurs on the feet this common condition can easily be confused with fungal infections such as athlete’s foot. It’s usually caused by some type of chemical sensitivity or allergic reaction. It can also form as a reaction to chronically moist or overly dry skin. As mentioned, eczema symptoms can mimic those of athlete’s foot in almost all respects, presenting as an itchy reddish rash.