Varicose and Spider Vein Treatments Pittsburgh
What are these types of spider vein treatments?
We advise lifestyle changes first. Although if these Varicose and Spider Vein Treatments Pittsburgh fail, many effective medical treatments exist. They can both relieve existing symptoms and improve the leg’s cosmetic appearance. Among these Varicose and Spider Vein Treatments are:
It’s important that you seek help from a qualified professional. Several types of doctors you might see are:
- A Cosmetic Surgeon
- A General Surgeon
- A Podiatrist
These specialized stockings put firm pressure on the legs, compressing the veins. There are three main varieties.
- Support hose provide the least amount of pressure.Support pantyhose, which offer the least amount of pressure. They do not provide pressure in the areas where it’s needed most, instead providing an overall pressure which isn’t as effective as targeted pressure.
- Over the counter (OTC) compression garments, which give more pressure yet still don’t provide it in a targeted manner. These can be bought in drugstores or medical equipment stores.
- Full strength prescription graduated compression hose. A Podiatrist can prescribed the stockings, and provide the targeted pressure which the other two varieties can’t. Our technicians must measure patients to ensure a proper fit and level of compression.
This type of surgical procedure excels at treating the deeper veins. This ultimately causes both varicose and spider veins to close. Those are responsible for the majority of symptoms one associates with these conditions (achiness, pain, swelling, heaviness, fatigue, and other less common symptoms). These are in office procedures which take about one hour. Patients tolerate these well, and can treat even the most severe vein disorders.
A specialized catheter with a heating element at one end is used to thread the tip into the vein. Once your surgeon places it into the length of the vein, He activates this tip as he withdraws the catheter. Once heated, the vein walls are irreparably damaged, and the vein collapses in on itself and is permanently shut. As with other techniques, the vein is then absorbed back into the body as part of the natural healing process. Only local anesthesia such as lidocaine is necessary. This type of procedure is rapidly becoming the gold standard in vein treatments.
The blood which travels in the diseased vein immediately reroutes into nearby healthy veins. This improves circulation significantly. Varicose veins and spider veins fed by the treated vein no longer have a blood supply. They tend to shrink but not disappear completely. Any remaining surface veins we can “clean up” using sclerotherapy and laser treatments.
Microphlebectomy for spider vein treatments
a.k.a Ambulatory Phlebectomy. This approach physically removes larger surface varicose veins. We make tiny incisions over the vein which we then remove. Next we use small surgical hooks to pull the vein from beneath the skin. This procedure sounds rather severe, yet in practice patients tolerate it very well and don’t consider it an invasive procedure associated with long healing times. You only need local anesthesia. We can perform this type of surgery in your surgeon’s office, not in a hospital operating room (OR). Unless we treat an extensive area, only one appointment is usually necessary. We can even remove the largest veins via microphlebectomy. We rarely have unwanted adverse effects. Only mild bruising and pain which can be easily treated with over the counter drugs like ibuprofen are to be expected. Scarring is minimal or non-existent.
Surgical intervention: THE OLD WAY…
Surgery is only used to treat very severe cases, and only as a last resort. Increasingly less invasive methods are sufficient, including the ablation technique described above.
- Surgical tying off and removal, known as ligation and stripping. We access diseased veins through surgical incisions. Then we tie them off. Ultimately, we physically remove them through these access incisions. The vein immediately shunts blood into nearby healthier veins. Overall it actually improves circulation. This can be a very invasive procedure, requiring general anesthesia, a lengthy hospital stay, and can take up to four weeks to heal completely. It’s a safe procedure, yet has fallen out of favor with the arrival of more modern techniques. Post surgical pain can be severe, requiring narcotic pain medication while healing occurs. Some potential complications can include:
- The risk of breathing problems which can occur with any general anesthesia. This is why an anesthesiologist must be present.
- Post surgical bleeding, which usually resolves on its own but may require follow up treatment.
- Incision infection, this we can easily treat with antibiotic drugs.
- Permanent scarring, which is not uncommon with this invasive approach.
- Nerve damage around the veins we remove. This can cause changes in the sense of touch, numbness, tingling, or other altered sensations. This usually isn’t permanent and resolves on its own.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). This is a potentially life threatening complication when we perform any vascular surgery. This type of blood clot can break loose from the vein wall and travel to the lungs. Fortunately we can treat this with clot-busting drugs such as heparin, yet you must administer this carefully as it can create unwanted bleeding and large amounts of bruising.