A Jones fracture or an avulsion fracture is the break on the fifth metatarsal bone, which is on the pinky toe side of the foot.
Jones fracture symptoms include:
- Sharp stabbing pain on the outside of the foot
If you have experienced any of the Jones fracture symptoms above, we suggest you seek out medical advice from a licenced physician. Additionally, if you believe that you may have a broken bone in your foot, you should cease all unnecessary activity and contact your Podiatrist.
It is quite common for an avulsion foot fracture to occur in the fifth metatarsal. While these two fractures are similar, an avulsion foot fracture often occurs when you roll your ankle. Both of these conditions are something you should have checked out with your doctor as soon as possible.
Diagnosis of a Jones fracture
To diagnose a Jones fracture or an avulsion fracture and the extent of the injury, your physician will have to perform an X-ray.
What is a Jones fracture?
As stated before, a Jones fracture is when a break occurs on the fifth metatarsal bone.
This type of fracture can occur when there is an increase in training, a difference in pressure on your feet, or a change to an uneven surface. Additionally, you can injury your foot by doing lateral side-to-side movements.
A Jones fracture often occurs near the end of the bone, which causes a disruption in blood flow to the area, slowing the healing process.
Jones Fracture Prevention
You can avoid Jones fractures by wearing proper footwear, following proper exercise techniques, and avoiding uneven surfaces.
What are the risk factors for developing a Jones fracture?
Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing a Jones fracture:
- Physical Activity: High-impact or repetitive activities, such as running and jumping, can stress the foot and increase the risk.
- Foot Anatomy: Certain foot structures, like high arches or a cavus foot, may be more susceptible to this type of fracture.
- Footwear: Inadequate support and cushioning in shoes can contribute to foot stress and fractures.
- Age: Jones fractures are more common in individuals between the ages of 15 and 60
- Gender: Athletes, particularly male athletes, are at higher risk.
- Osteoporosis: Weakened bones due to conditions like osteoporosis can increase susceptibility.
- Previous Injury: A history of foot or ankle injuries may predispose someone to Jones fractures.
- Biomechanical Factors: Gait abnormalities or biomechanical issues can contribute.
How long does it take for a Jones fracture to heal?
The healing time for a Jones fracture can vary depending on various factors, including the severity of the fracture, the chosen treatment approach, and the individual’s overall health. In general, it typically takes around 6 to 8 weeks for a Jones fracture to heal with non-surgical treatment, which often involves wearing a cast or a walking boot to immobilize the foot. Surgical treatment, which may involve the placement of a screw or pin, can sometimes lead to a faster recovery, with weight-bearing usually resumed gradually after several weeks.
Is surgery necessary for jones fractures, or can they heal without it?
Jones fractures can heal without surgery, but the treatment approach depends on factors like the fracture’s location and severity. Non-surgical options may include immobilization with a cast or boot. Surgery is often considered for severe or displaced fractures to ensure proper alignment and faster healing. A healthcare provider will determine the best course of action.