Atopic dermatitis is a common form of eczema that is found in young children. The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but there seems to be a strong genetic factor, with some environmental involvement.
Atopic dermatitis can appear on multiple parts of the body, such as the hands feet or face (the face is especially common in infant exposure). The symptoms include dry, scaly and itchy skin, and constant irritation on the affected areas from scratching can lead to scarring of the affected area. Eczema is often found in those with allergies, however, allergies is not the cause. Topical steroids are prescribed to lessen the symptoms.
In March of 2017, a new treatment was approved by the FDA to treat adults with moderate-to-severe eczema that are unable to use or have failed to find relief with topical treatments. Regeneron’s Dupixent (dupilumab) is an injection that has been tried clinically on over 2,100 adults and was found to significantly reduce or completely clear up the skin after 16 weeks of treatments. This can be used in conjunction or in absence of topical treatments.
Contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis are forms of eczema.